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We support stakeholders to develop participatory or community-based research initiatives: typically small regional- level data-gathering efforts that provide information and knowledge needed to effectively advise government on regional and rural policy matters.

Community Based Research Projects

1. Prosperity through Collaboration: Review of Regional Development Models and Potential Applications to the Burin Peninsula (2010). Ryan Gibson PhD candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Burin Peninsula
Abstract: Communities throughout Newfoundland and Labrador, and elsewhere in Canada, struggle with the question of 'why think regionally?' Historically, communities have conducted formal municipal activities and planning independent of neighbouring communities. Over the years, many communities have achieved success in this approach, while other communities have not. Previous rural development strategies focused on 'smoke stack chasing', which created competition with neighbouring communities and involved expensive incentives to companies. This paper identifies four regional development models from Canada, the United States, and the European Union. An overview of each model is providing, highlighting key indicators for success, when available. Using the commentary received from community residents of the Burin Peninsula regarding collaborations an initial statement of potential application is provided. This statement should not be considered prescriptive; rather, an initial exploration.

2. Regional Collaboration and the Economy of the Burin Peninsula (2010). Ryan Gibson PhD candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Burin Peninsula
Abstract: The Burin Peninsula was built upon the fishery, and while fishery continues to play a major role in the region's economy, other sectors like manufacturing, marine fabrication, and tourism are also part of it. The communities in this region are facing challenges of declining population, declining tax revenues, aging infrastructure and volunteer burnout.

The long-term sustainability of the Burin Peninsula poses a challenge warranting communities and citizens to be working together more, supporting one another and sharing services and resources where possible. The purpose of this research has been to review and provide commentary on long-term sustainability of the region.

3. A Rational Approach to Gaining "Citizens" Perspectives on Services in Rural Remote and Rural Adjacent Communities: A Case Study of the Grand Falls - Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton Rural Secretariat Region (2011). Jamie Ward, MSc(c) candidate and Dr. Alvin Simms, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Central West (Grand Falls Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton)
Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate a number of issues surrounding citizens' perspectives on the optimal provision of basic services like the primary health care services; education, and recreational services in six rural communities selected to represent a cross-section of rural communities in the Central West region. In particular, it attempted to find: 1) What are the most important services in rural areas, from citizens perspectives? 2) Do community volunteers and paid employees see importance of these services differently? 3) How importance of the services vary for residents of remote rural communities, urban adjacent or urban non-adjacent communities? 4) Do local conditions in the region matter? If so, how can they inform potential policy decision?

4. Beyond the Document: Economic and Socio-Economic Planning Processes (2010). Jennifer Daniels, Jessica Peckham and Brian Woodford, undergraduate students; and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Gander - New-Wes-Valley
Abstract: This report is based on the research conducted by Memorial University students in the 2009 fall semester of the Community and Regional Planning and Development course in the Department of Geography. The project represented the first of a two phased, collaborative, community-based research project initiated by the Gander-New-Wes-Valley Rural Secretariat Regional Council. The project has been led by a steering committee of government and non-government representatives from the region working with community and university partners. This community-based research process has three key objectives. The first objective is to identify critical success factors and barriers for small communities in moving from planning to plan implementation, including consideration of the unique requirements and challenges in multi-community planning processes. The second objective involves recommending steps that can be taken by local and government actors to maximize benefits and minimize challenges associated with these processes. The final objective is to share lessons on effective community and multi-community socio-economic planning processes regionally and provincially.

5. Factors Influencing Access to Health Care Services in Labrador (2010). Gioia Montevecchi, BSc (Hons), Msc Medicine candidate, MUN
Region: Labrador
Abstract: This project concerns the lack of access to quality health care in Labrador. Some issues related to this larger problem are the high cost of travel for treatment, regional disparities in services, and nurse usage. Special health areas of concern in this region include seniors' health, FASD and diabetes.

Providers and governments need a better understanding of the barriers those in the region face when trying to access health care. The study is needed to find out why people are not accessing quality health care in their home communities, and to find out how to solve these problems.

6. The Community Garden Handbook for Newfoundland and Labrador (2010). Anthony Brunetti, PhD, independent researcher
Region: Province-wide
Abstract: The purpose of this research was on creating a toolkit and handbook for community groups to use in developing community gardens. The project focus spanned from generating community garden ideas to harvesting produce. In addition to the toolkit, curriculum was developed for College of the North Atlantic on organic gardening in support of community gardens. This curriculum is now delivered by CNA throughout the province. This handbook is based on an extensive review of community gardens, as well as surveys and interviews of community garden organizers throughout Newfoundland and Labrador. It reviews selected best practices from community garden projects throughout Canada, United States and Europe that fit the Newfoundland and Labrador context. Each section attempts to identify key topic areas and includes information about useful resources. The intent of this toolkit is to inform creation and operation of a community garden, overcome potential challenges, and learn about the ecological and social relationships and processes of growing fruits and vegetables in Newfoundland and Labrador's variable climate, soils and geography.

7. Northern Tourism Partnership: Building a Tourism Cluster in Northern Newfoundland (2010). Candice Cochrane, PhD, independent researcher
Region: St. Anthony - Port au Choix
Abstract: The northern end of Newfoundland's Great Northern Peninsula (GNP) is home to some of the most important natural and cultural heritage sites in Canada and therefore a compelling tourism destination. L'Anse aux Meadows, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the region's unique anchor attraction for knowledge-based tourism. In spite the site's global importance, the region continues to face a number of challenges in its attempt to build a competitive tourism industry. Declining population, distance from major airports and Provincial cities, lack of public overland transportation and inconsistent road maintenance are a few of the challenges to tourism development. To address some of the issues in the region and create a collective strategy for enhancing tourism products and promotion, a group of regional businesses, heritage sites, and support agencies have created a regional tourism development group called the Northern Tourism Partnership (NTP). This report describes the NTP region, the existing tourism industry, and the process by which NTP was created and is now organizing itself as a collaborative effort. It ends with recommendations for sustaining a successful tourism development group by summarizing the current thinking on tourism clusters and networks as an organizing tool for small and medium tourism enterprises.

8. Textile Traditions on the Great Northern Peninsula: Craft, Creativity (2010). Lisa A. Wilson, MA candidate, Faculty of Folklore, MUN
Region: St. Anthony - Port au Choix
Abstract: The French Shore Historical Society (FSHS) on the eastern side of the Northern Peninsula, NL has been involved with a major project involving the creation of tapestry that depicts the early French Traditions in the area. The FSHS has proposed a new and innovative program to develop Textiles Arts Learning Center devoted to encourage the art of handmade textile crafts, preserve and promote the art and history of textile-based traditions that make the GNP region special.

The purpose of this research is to study the textile traditions in the GNP. It examines factors such as-attitudes and motivations for craft production in Northern Peninsula communities; current conditions of particular textile crafts; economic capacity and profit feasibility of textile crafts; demography involved and the role that creative object plays in the life of its producers.

The textile traditions focused in this study include: Rug hooking; embroidery; net-making, seal skin products, knitting, Basketry & Grenfell craft traditions.

9. Applicability of the Local Labour Market Development Approach in Newfoundland and Labrador: A Case Study of the Avalon Gateway Region (Economic Zone 18) (2011). Ekaterina Lysenko, MA candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Avalon Peninsula
Abstract: ALMP are designed to intervene in the labor market to improve its functioning and efficiency by adjusting the labor force skill set and expectations to better coincide with the changed environment. It offers measures like- labor market training, direct job creation and job brokerage. The intent of this research is to complete an analysis of active labor market process within the Avalon Gateway region.

The Avalon Gateway region has growing labor demand owing to employment opportunities arising from the proximity to the industrial cluster being developed around Placentia Bay. Despite growing opportunities, however, the area witnesses continuing unemployment with evidence of unmet labor demand. This indicates a mismatch between the potential job opportunities and expectations of job seekers. The research was undertaken to examine the reasons behind this mismatch. It had two objectives. First, to increase the understanding of the impediments to adjustment of local labor market supply to emerging economic development opportunities in the Avalon Gateway region; second, to explore the potential of developing partnerships to facilitate the creation and implementation of a local labor market development strategy aimed to bridge the gap between local workforce and economic development within the Avalon Gateway region.

10. Literature Review for Central Newfoundland Community Engagement Framework (2011). Gioia Montevecchi, BSc, MSc Medicine candidate, MUN
Region: Gander - New-Wes-Valley, Central West (Grand Falls - Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton)
Abstract: This literature review outlines contrasting definitions of community engagement; addresses research related to engaging rural communities; discusses empirical and non-empirical research on community engagement frameworks, strategies, and processes from across social sectors and identifies their strengths and limitations, and develops a list of recommendations for the Rural Secretariat, the Central Regional Health Authority, the Nova Central School District, and the College of the North Atlantic in Central Newfoundland for the development of a consistent community engagement framework that enhances the overall social capital and sustainability of Central Newfoundland.

11. Community Schools: An Integrated Service Delivery Model for Rural Newfoundland and Labrador (2011). Colin Holloway, Regional Partnership Planner, Office of Public Engagement, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Region: Clarenville - Bonavista
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to present a new model for community and school integration for rural Newfoundland and Labrador. The Province of Newfoundland and Labrador has been divided into nine Rural Secretariat regions, each represented by Regional Councils. These citizen advisory groups have a mandate to provide advice to government on issues impacting social economic, environmental and cultural matters which affect the sustainability of rural regions. The Regional Council for the Clarenville-Bonavista Rural Secretariat region states the presence of Community Schools in the region in its Vision 2020 document. As well, under the Transparency and Accountability Act, the Council identifies rural education as a key priority for action in its 2008-2011 Activity Plan. This document aims to describe the issues impacting education delivery in rural communities in its current form, in addition to how it affects the future sustainability of rural communities. It also promotes a potential new model for educational delivery and public service delivery to the entire community: a Community Schools Model. The model supports a holistic approach to individual health and community development, similar in context to the Social Determinants of Health Model.

12. An Analysis of Labour Market Factors Impacting Primary Industries in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, with a Special Interest in the Clarenville - Bonavista Rural Secretariat Region (2011). Janelle Skeard, MA student and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN; with Colin Holloway, Regional Partnership Planner, Office of Public Engagement, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Region: Clarenville - Bonavista
Abstract: This report presents the results of a review of documents pertaining to five primary industries: fishing, agriculture, forestry, oil and gas, and mining as well as their associated processing industries. Through this research and review, labour market conditions (i.e., recruitment, retention and succession planning) and infrastructure issues have been assessed. The amount of available information pertaining to specific sectors in the Clarenville-Bonavista region was severely limited. However, it is assumed that the general trends for Newfoundland and Labrador mentioned in this report and all related documents are applicable to the area. For each sector this assessment includes a general overview, wages and incomes, employment and unemployment, demographics, education and training and the issues specific to the nature of the sector (for example, seasonality). For organizational purposes, the report is organized by key themes, following a general overview of the labour market situation in the Province and the Clarenville-Bonavista region. A brief summary of the issues is included after each sector, along with any suggested solutions acquired from the sources reviewed. The report concludes with some cross-sector observations about labour market issues in the primary and related sectors.

13. Regional Priorities from the Integrated Community Sustainability Plans (2011). Candice Pike, independent researcher
Region: Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour
Abstract: Municipalities across Newfoundland and Labrador were required to submit an Integrated Community Sustainability Plan (ICSP) to the government by March 2010 as a requirement of the Gas Tax Agreement. This is an agreement between local and provincial governments that provides funding for municipal projects (with a particular focus on infrastructure projects that benefit the environment). The ability for municipalities to access future rounds of Gas Tax Funding was contingent on the completion of an ICSP. The ICSPs required municipalities to examine their communities in terms of five pillars of sustainability - Environmental, Economic, Social, Cultural and Governance. The information contained in this report is a summary of research findings from a project that compiled and compared data from ICSPs created in the Rural Secretariat region of Corner Brook-Rocky Harbour. It looks at commonly identified assets, issues, goals, and projects, to find commonalities within the region and smaller regional clusters.

14. Examining the Foundation for Stronger Fisheries-Tourism Synergies and Increased Local Seafood Consumption in the Bonne Bay Region of Newfoundland (2011). Kristen Lowitt, PhD candidate, Interdisciplinary Studies, MUN
Region: Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour
Abstract: Although both Tourism and Fishing are economically, socially and culturally important to the Bonne Bay/ Gros Morne region, there has been little formal coordination between them. There are substantial opportunities in the region for promoting Fisheries- Tourism synergies with potential benefits for both the sectors.

This research is a piece of multi-pronged strategy to establish the foundations for improved economic opportunities for local fish harvesters, tourism operators and sea food retailers based on closer ties between Fisheries and Tourism business and increased regional consumption of seafood.

The research will identify and raise awareness of opportunities for, and barriers to local sea food markets and Fisheries for enhancing food security in the Bonne Bay region.

15. Regional Communication for Sustainability Initiative (RCSI): Benefits of Community Radio and Participatory Communications to Rural Regions in Newfoundland and Labrador (2011). Erin McKee, independent researcher
Region: Province wide
Abstract: This report documents radio projects of The Regional Communication for Sustainability Initiative (RCSI). The RCSI is an inclusive multi-sector 'collaborative process' that brings together government departments and agencies, academic institutions, NGOs, community communications groups, and private-sector enterprises who have a common or shared interest in advancing the sustainability of rural NL regions and communities through improved communications. The radio projects described below provided a 'sharing and learning space' whereby all involved learned about and experimented with new and innovative ways to practically improve communication among and between communities, groups, and regions. Participatory community media has been facilitated in this province since the 1960s and is globally known as the Fogo Process. However, little is known publicly of past or current community media practice in Newfoundland and Labrador.

16. Social Network Analysis and Network Weaving (2011). Amy Tucker, MA candidate; Ryan Gibson, PhD candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN; and June Holley, Network Weaver.
Region: Province-wide
Abstract: This initiative utilized social networking analysis software to give an overview of the relationships between and among stakeholders within a region. It illustrated the strength of collaboration within a region and demonstrated potential gaps and opportunities for new partnerships. Once a current state of collaboration is established, efforts are made to strengthen relationships through Network Weaving. The software has been piloted on the Northern Peninsula with new projects proposed in the Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour and Labrador regions.

The initial pilot has been completed on the Northern Peninsula and from the research three areas of focus have emerged: Use of social media in order to improve communications in the region, advancing tourism priorities and enhancing innovation by strengthening external knowledge flows to the region

17. Burin Peninsula Rural Secretariat Region: A Demographic Analysis (2012). Jamie Ward, MSc candidate and Dr. Alvin Simms, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Burin
Abstract: This study was conducted as a partnership between researchers from Memorial University's Department of Geography and the Burin Peninsula Regional Council of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador's Rural Secretariat. Its objective was to gain an understanding of the nature and severity of some of the demographic issues facing the Burin peninsula over the next 15 years. A cohort survival model was used to project the region's baseline population trend until 2026, and then establishing benchmarks that, if met, would restore a growing and sustainable population structure to the region. Additionally, a statistic was used to measure the current agedness of different industries within the region, and thus determine how at-risk different sectors may be to continued demographic decline. When used, these statistics allow policy makers to establish minimum recruitment targets to stem population decline and to gauge both the effectiveness of current policies and the difficulties facing different industries in the future.

18. An Analysis of Municipal Readiness for Socio-Economic Development Opportunities in the Isthmus of the Avalon Region (2012). Michelle Porter, PhD candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Avalon
Abstract: Five communities in the Isthmus region collaborated on this community based research project which has focused on providing a snapshot of regional readiness with regards to Industrial Benefits Planning (IBP) and local/regional gaps in well-being to be considered and addressed through IBP. Project participants formed an advisory committee made up of representatives of each participating municipality (Sunnyside, Come by Chance, Southern Harbour, Arnold's Cove and Clarenville), the provincial Rural Secretariat, Memorial University of Newfoundland and the Discovery Regional Development Board. The committee met monthly with researchers to plan and direct the research and share knowledge. Project actions have included: 1.industrial benefits planning literature review; 2. review of relevant studies, plans and reports to support the identification of strengths and weakness with regard to municipal capacity; 3. interviews with community members, benefits experts and industry representatives; 4. an assessment of the potential of IBP regional collaboration for the participating towns; 5. a public meeting during which public input was collected; and 6. this discussion paper, which includes suggested next steps.

19. Networks for Innovation in Corner Brook, NL (2012). Jose Lam, PhD, Business, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University; Louise McGillis, Library, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University; Candice Pike, independent researcher; Ken Carter and Marion McCahon, Office of Public Engagement, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador; and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour
Abstract: Corner Brook is an economy in transition with uncertainty surrounding the traditional resource-based sectors and a growing post-secondary sector. Previous studies on the region (Greenwood, Pike & Kearley, 2011) have cited the need to move to a knowledge-based economy in order to grow the local economy, compete globally and mitigate risks in the resource-based economy. This study seeks to investigate the local and global knowledge flows within networks in Corner Brook using Social Network Analysis. The project used interviews and an online survey to better understand the current state of linkages among economic actors including firms, government employees, and nongovernmental organizations. The data and findings emerging from this study are intended to spur action to strengthen innovation networks and inspire broader interest in a more focused innovation strategy for the region.

20. Developing Innovative Approaches for Community Engagement in the Grand Falls-Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton Region (2012). Raisa Mirza, MA candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Department of Geography, MUN; and Gail Collins, independent researcher
Region: Central West (Grand Falls-Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton)
Abstract: Newfoundland and Labrador is at a crossroads. For the provincial government, supporting the survival of rural regions depends on finding innovative and inclusive ways of engaging people living in rural areas, in order to increase their capacity to participate in the policy-making processes that will, in part, determine the future of their communities. Effective community engagement should be a first step towards creating the circumstances and opportunities to ensure that rural communities will thrive economically, socially and culturally. Further, community engagement will enable rural Newfoundlanders and Labradorians to take responsibility for collaboratively establishing goals and working together to achieve them.

The Grand Falls-Windsor - Harbour Breton - Baie Verte Regional Council partnered with Memorial University to evaluate the types of community engagement used in the region in the past, and to research and propose innovative new techniques that could be used to more effectively engage residents in the future, giving them a larger role in the policy-making process.

21. Looking for the Future: Assessing Current Understandings of the Impacts of Large-Scale Industrial Development in West Labrador and Isthmus Regions and Identification of Future Research Needs and Potential Mitigation Strategies (2012). Michelle Porter, PhD candidate, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Labrador, Clarenville - Bonavista
Abstract: This report is the first phase of what is intended to be a research project which investigates specific negative social impacts of large-scale industrial activity which have been identified as priority issues in the Isthmus region and Labrador West in Newfoundland and Labrador. This report is intended to be an exploration of potential research opportunities as identified by community members and leaders who were participants at either of two deliberative dialogue sessions hosted by the provincial Rural Secretariat. This report suggests priorities for future research which may occur in phase two.

22. Understanding the Cultural Adaptation Experiences of Immigrants to Rural and Small Town Newfoundland and Labrador (2012). Willow Jackson, PhD candidate
Region: Province wide
Abstract: The Province of Newfoundland and Labrador currently attracts approximately 400 immigrants per year, a number it hopes to more than double in years to come (Multiculturalism, 2007). In order to meet this goal, the government is putting more time and resources into immigrant recruitment and retention. For example, the Province is participating in international immigration fairs around the world and is selecting immigrants that meet a particular need for an expedited federal immigration review process called the Provincial Nominee Program (Burke, 2008). This study aims to add a more rural perspective to what we already know about the immigrant experience. It aspires to capture and illustrate the cultural adaptation experiences of immigrants in rural Newfoundland as well as explore the perspectives of native-born Newfoundlanders on what sort of cultural changes are happening on an individual and community level. For reasons of time, and a difference in context, the study only includes data collected on the island portion of the province.

23. Analysis of Literature and Secondary Data for Recommendations Related to Transportation Models on the Avalon Peninsula (2012). Ekaterina Lysenko, MA candidate, MUN
Region: Avalon
Abstract: A personal automobile is the most common method of transportation in rural communities. However, not all seniors have access to one. Furthermore, ability and willingness of seniors to drive for long distances or on a highway, especially in poor road or weather conditions, often diminish with age. There is little alternative available to a personal automobile in rural communities. Seniors on the Avalon Peninsula, as well as other rural areas throughout Canada and internationally, continue to experience a lack of access to public transportation. Local studies and community groups have identified the need for an affordable, reliable and accessible transport system for seniors, as well as for other transport disadvantaged individuals such as persons with disabilities, low income, unemployed and youth. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador has committed to allocate one million dollars to enhance transportation for seniors by partnering with community organizations.

The goal of this community-based research was to inform and support the Avalon Regional Council in development of policy recommendations and advice to the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador on implementation of a transportation system for seniors within the Avalon Peninsula region. This research analyzed transportation models for seniors and other transport disadvantaged groups from various national and international jurisdictions, and identified models most appropriate for the region.

24. Future of the Fishery on the Northern Tip of the Northern Peninsula (2012). This project was a partnership between Memorial University of Newfoundland, the St. Anthony-Port au Choix Regional Council, Fisheries Steering Committee and the OPE
Region: St. Anthony - Port aux Choix
Abstract: The contribution of fisheries from this region, in terms of production and number of jobs, is highest in the province. With over 1,300 fish harvesters and more than 600 fish plant workers, it also implies that the region is the most fishery dependent in the province. As with any industry, the fishery in the region faces many challenges due in part to changes in resource development and policy taken place in the province and elsewhere. The livelihoods of fishing people, as well as their way of life, are greatly affected by such changes since their values and concerns are often not considered in the decision-making process. Given that the St. Anthony-Port au Choix Regional Council has been tasked with providing advice to government on matters of importance to the region, it felt that it was important to enhance the overall understanding about the fishing industry in the region, and engage the fishing people directly in the discussion about what they see as the future of the fishery in the region. For this reason, the Council, through the Rural Secretariat, initiated a small collaborative research project with researchers at Department of Geography, Memorial University, namely Professors Ratana Chuenpagdee and Kelly Vodden, to examine the current state of the fisheries, as well as challenges, opportunities and potential new directions for the region. This report summarizes key findings from the survey conducted from October to December, 2011 in the region.

25. Rural Immigration on the Avalon Peninsula: Exploring Options for Sustainability (2013). Mostaem Billah, MA candidate, Ryan Gibson, PhD candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Environmental Policy Institute, MUN, Grenfell Campus
Region: Avalon
Abstract: In the fall 2012 the Avalon Peninsula Regional Council of the Rural Secretariat partnered with Memorial University to conduct a community-based research initiative on rural immigration. The initiative focused primarily on a review of existing Canadian rural immigration literature and the identification and analysis of models utilized by rural communities to attract, recruit, retain and integrate immigrants. Literature was supplemented with immigration data provided through Citizenship and Immigration Canada and the NL Office of Immigration and Multiculturalism. Further consultations were held with members of the Regional Council to gain feedback and regional interpretations. The research initiative also received valuable contributions from an Advisory Committee consisting of representatives from the Avalon Peninsula Regional Council, Rural Secretariat, Office of Immigration and Multiculturalism, and the Association for New Canadians.

Four rural immigration models were analyzed by the research team based on specified criteria such as geography and demographics that are applicable to rural and small town areas of the Avalon Peninsula region. Based on the review of these models, coupled with insights from project partners and from the literature and statistical data examined, 14 recommendations are presented below. Recommendations have been made regarding aspects of the models reviewed that may be suitable for the rural Avalon and ways to proactively address the role of immigration in the sustainability of rural communities and regions, including local labour market development, creating healthier demographic distributions and community building.

26. It's Just Nice to See the Light on Again: Exploring the Social Implications of Establishing Research Facilities in Rural Newfoundland and Labrador (2013). Janice C. Rowsell, B.A., B.Ed.
Region: Burin
Abstract: In the years since the Atlantic Cod Moratorium was implemented, many rural communities across Newfoundland and Labrador have struggled to find long-term economic solutions to sustain themselves. Most effects of these changes are easily seen through a combination of out-migration, seasonal employment, and reliance on government funding; however, the impact on individuals and families must also be taken into consideration. This community-based qualitative research study has used in-depth individual interviews with twelve citizens of Lord's Cove, which is located on the islands' Burin Peninsula, to explore how residents have responded to the establishment of the Wave Energy Resource Centre (WERC) by College of the North Atlantic in their community, and what they anticipate the outcome of the research might be. As a viable option for long-term economic sustainability, the WERC aims to provide the community of Lord's Cove with economic and technical benefits from both a wave-powered piston pump and a shore-based multi-species aquaculture facility located in the towns' former fish processing plant.

The purpose of the study was to gain intimate knowledge from community members in order to advance stakeholder knowledge on how to successfully conduct research, and establish research facilities in rural areas. Analysis of the findings is presented in terms of social factors that have contributed to resident attitudes. The report will provide recommendations to College of the North Atlantic on how to implement research projects that affect rural communities in Newfoundland and Labrador. Additionally, it will explain social lessons that have been learned as a result of establishing the WERC which will be a useful resource to stakeholders. The report concludes by outlining possibilities for future research in the community.

27. Rural Secretariat Western: Issues, Barriers and Solutions to Accessing Healthcare Services in the Corner Brook/Rocky Harbour and Stephenville/Port aux Basques Areas (2013). Health Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, MUN
Region: Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour, Stephenville - Port aux Basques
Abstract: Available research indicates that people living in rural and remote areas of Canada face unique challenges accessing health services. Recently, the Western Regional Health Authority completed a Needs Assessment of the entire Western Region, including a telephone survey and focus groups. The present research was conducted by the Rural Secretariat in collaboration with Principal Investigators at Memorial University. This research was designed to capture the voices of individuals and groups less likely to participate in telephone surveys and official focus groups. In addition to gaining more in-depth information on barriers to accessing health services and exploring solutions to improving access to services in the Western Region, this research aims to: inform policy advice to government on enhancing access to health service, identify potential solutions to issues identified by participants and disseminate results broadly.

28. Mapping Cultural Resources in Branch (2013). Link to the website: http://www.culturalheritageresources.ca opens in new window
Region: Avalon
Abstract: This site takes into account intangible assets such as values, stories, customs and traditions and natural areas that define the identity of Branch. It also accounts for the tangible assets such as spaces and facilities, cultural organizations, cultural occupations and cultural industries. This project identified and mapped the resources of Branch, a small community located in St. Mary's Bay, NL. It included accessing the extensive knowledge base of citizens as a strategy for creating economic and social development. The project included the following initiatives: building partnerships required for successful resource mapping; identifying, researching and collecting cultural resources in the community of Branch; integrating the cultural resources into the framework and database of Community Accounts; and creating maps and other visual tools for the Community Accounts website. The project is directed towards strengthening and enriching social capital within the community to the benefit of both residents and visitors. Aside from the creation of the Branch Culture and Heritage Account for the provincial system of accounts, the outputs of this project enhanced community engagement, promoted cultural tourism and economic development, and provided an invaluable strategic planning tool for community and regional economic development.

29. Understanding Land Use in the Grand Falls-Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton Region (2013). Janelle Skeard, MA candidate; Maggie Sutherland, MA; and Patrick Leveque, undergraduate student, Department of Geography, MUN; and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Environmental Policy Institute, MUN, Grenfell Campus
Region: Central West (Grand Falls-Windsor - Baie Verte - Harbour Breton)
Abstract: Successful land use planning can prevent (or resolve) land use conflicts and is a key tool for governments, businesses and industry to plan for long-term usage of land and natural resources. It allows communities to plan for growth and to make decisions regarding allocation of land for future growth, conservation, aesthetics and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to identify key issues and recommendations relating to and in aid of working towards improvements in land use planning process in the region and the province. Overall five key areas of concern that cut across multiple land uses were identified in this study: current land use decision making processes; limited resources available for planning; balancing conflicting industries and interests; information and coordination; and stakeholder communication and engagement. This report outlines a number of overall recommendations related to these cross-cutting issues, which are outlined below. Additional recommendations related to specific land use issues, such as access to Crown lands and issues related to forestry, mining, agriculture and other uses can be found in the section "Recommendations for Specific Land Uses".

30. Developing a Wellbeing and Resiliency Index for Happy Valley - Goose Bay in the Context of Rapid Economic Growth. Happy Valley - Goose Bay, NL (2013). Labrador Institute of Memorial Unviersity, Dhlakama, M. & Schiff, R.

Happy Valley-Goose Bay (HVGB) currently serves as an administrative and transportation centre for mining exploration and development, potential and existing hydro-electric projects, and tourism opportunities. Recent developments, such as the proposed Muskrat Falls hydroelectric project and the lifting of the ban on uranium exploration in the Nunatsiavut Land Claims area, indicate that the town is poised to experience significant growth over the next decade.

This project examined the potential for development of an index to measure, on a longitudinal basis, wellbeing and resiliency for HVGB in the context of rapid economic change. The aim of such an index would be to provide critical information, on a regular and long-term basis, about changes in the wellbeing of the community and also help to identify factors which contribute to resiliency in health and wellness in HVGB.

31. Community Based Learning Models: An Analysis of Literature and Secondary Data (2014) Vesna Kerezi, Nicole Renaud, Andrea Mitchell and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Environmental Policy Institute, MUN, Grenfell Campus
Region: Avalon

Abstract: The following report provides insights about learning communities within the context of rural spaces and rural development. The review outlines several key characteristics of a learning community as well as how the concept links to related terms such as lifelong learning and learning cities, regions and organizations. Five rural regions are showcased where learning communities projects have been implemented and are demonstrating positive results. These case studies include examples from Newfoundland and Labrador, Alberta and the United Kingdom. Finally, lessons from these five case studies that can help guide the potential development of a learning community pilot project in the Avalon region and/or elsewhere in Newfoundland and Labrador are considered. Overall, this research shows that community learning can be an appropriate strategy for creating more sustainable rural communities, with positive social, economic and/or environmental impacts.

32. Northern Peninsula Innovation Report (2014) Kyle White, B.A. (Honours) Candidate and Dr. Kelly Vodden, Environmental Policy Institute, MUN, Grenfell Campus
Region: St. Anthony / Port au Choix

Abstract: Canadian Regional Development: A Critical Review of Theory, Practice and Potentials is a cross Canada, multi-disciplinary study of regional development theory, policy, and practice in Canadian regions. The project is based in four provinces across Canada: British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, and Quebec, and in five select study regions within these provinces. The project is focused on five key themes in regional development: multi-level collaborative governance, learning and innovation, rural-urban relationships, place-based development, and integrated development. Combined, these themes form the basis of New RegionalismÃ, an emerging approach to regional development (see Markey, 2011 for more information).
This report discusses findings related to the theme of learning and innovation within the Northern Peninsula region of Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) and provides an overview of the social, economic, political, and cultural impacting innovation in the region.

33. Solutions for Enhanced Access to Healthcare in the Corner Brook-Rocky Harbour and Stephenville-Port aux Basques Regions: An Examination of Nurse Practitioner Models of Care (2014) Prepared By: Health Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, MUN

Region: Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour; Stephenbille - Port aux Basques

Abstract: In Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) there are currently 127 licensed Nurse Practitioners (NP). There are more NPs per population in NL than any other province in Canada. Yet it is generally acknowledged that many of our rural and remote populations do not have adequate access to primary health care. Building on the findings noted in the project above (#27: Rural Secretariat Western: Issues, Barriers and Solutions to Accessing Healthcare Services in the Corner Brook/Rocky Harbour and Stephenville/Port aux Basques Areas (2013)), this current research examines the potential role of NPs as a means to improving access to health services. This review is comprised of a jurisdictional scan (including a limited number of key stakeholder interviews) and literature review. This research explores the different ways NP models have been applied in other jurisdictions, the challenges they faced when implementing NPs, and ways NPs might be applied in the Newfoundland context.

34. Assessing the Factors Impacting the Sustainability of the Clarenville - Bonavista Rural Secretariat Region Phase 1 (2014), Stephen Holisko, Erika Parrill and Dr. Kelly Vodden; Phase 2 (2015), Stephen Holisko and Dr. Kelly Vodden

Region: Clarenville - Bonavista

Abstract: The Clarenville-Bonavista region, much like other regions throughout the province and the rest of Canada, is posed with significant challenges with respect to sustainable development and maximizing future opportunities. Phase one includes a literature review on sustainability indicators and their use and identifies a list of critical factors necessary to promote the sustainability of rural regions, referencing examples from other jurisdictions. Building on the work completed in phase one, the second phase of this project focuses on refining the indicators and measures, conducting a household (public) survey, designing and delivering public engagement sessions and analyzing and assessing priority issues and potential strategies for moving forward. The research identifies several critical regional sustainability concerns and presents practical recommendations for addressing these concerns.

35. Settlement Opportunities for Newcomers in Labrador West: What are the Gaps in Services? (2015) Dr. Delores V. Mullings, PhD. and Dr. Willow J. Anderson, PhD.

Region: Labrador

Abstract: One of the main purposes of this research project was to learn which organizations, if any, are assisting newcomers and temporary foreign workers in Labrador West and to learn how newcomers and temporary foreign workers are coping with their settlement. The research was guided by three primary research questions: What are the settlement experiences of newcomers and temporary foreign workers to Labrador West? What organizations are currently assisting with the settlement and integration of newcomers and temporary foreign workers into the region and how are they assisting? What additional services would aid in newcomer and temporary foreign worker settlement and integration into the region?
The report identifies five key themes that emerged from the research and presents both short- and long-term recommendations to improve the settlement experiences of newcomers and temporary foreign workers.

Other, non-CBR reports:

1. Homelessness Study (2009). Hollett & Sons Inc.
Region: Clarenville - Bonavista
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to develop a set of recommendations on how to address the issues impacting homelessness in the region. In order to address these questions the consultants conducted focus groups, stakeholder interviews, a public survey, and a literature review between February and March 2009. Research participants were asked a range of questions about their definition of homelessness, the extent of homelessness within the study area, the causes and impacts of homelessness, and suggestions for improvement. Homelessness in a rural area is a different issue than in an urban area because it is more about individuals being forced to live in unacceptable and inadequate housing than not having anywhere at all to go. While people are not "living in cardboard boxes on the streets", they do appear to be living at risk of homelessness with few supports in their community or in neighbouring communities. This is the context in which this study is written. Recommendations for the future are provided.

2. Animating Community Plans: Clarenville Bonavista Region (2011). Goss Gilroy Inc. Management Consultants
Region: Clarenville - Bonavista
Abstract: This report is provided in completion of one component of the research project undertaken for the Newfoundland and Labrador Housing & Homelessness Network (NLHHN) to support further animation of Community Plans in four regions of the province. Specifically, it provides information on the extent and nature of homelessness and housing instability in the Clarenville Bonavista region, with a focus on the following priorities, as identified by the Regional Action Committee on Housing: First, the emergency/transitional housing for women and their children experiencing violence (this would include this population having access to wrap around supports and services designed to address their unique needs and facilitate their move into permanent housing as soon as possible). Second, affordable housing (for a range of vulnerable populations). In addition, this report identifies several strategic directions for the Regional Action Committee on Housing (hereafter referred to as REACH) to consider in its efforts to address the needs of these aforementioned priorities, and more broadly the housing and homelessness issues facing their region.

3. Functional Regional Profiles for Labrador West, Corner Brook, Clarenville and St. John's (2011). Jamie Ward, MSc candidate and Dr. Alvin Simms, Department of Geography, MUN
Region: Labrador, Clarenville - Bonavista, Corner Brook - Rocky Harbour
Abstract: The intent of this research was to provide an overview of four functional regions within the province that have been the focus of major international research in the past number of years: Labrador West, Corner Brook, Clarenville and St. John's. The purpose of each profile is to provide background support for existing partnership research exploring the relationship of rural and urban interaction and the impact on innovation systems as well as to identify network and cluster development opportunities. Each profile provides an introduction to the region and includes a discussion of the region's commuting structure, demographics, workforce education, and industrial composition.

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